:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (2022) ::
Sci J Iranshahr Univ Med Sci 2022, 1(2): 83-86 Back to browse issues page
Determining the Frequency of Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infection and Their Antibiotic Resistance in the Laboratories of Ahvaz City for One Year
R. Nashibi1, F. Ahmadi2, A. Amiri Kondari *3
1- Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
2- Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran
3- Student Research Committee, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran , amirii.ali72@gmail.com
Abstract:   (101 Views)
Aims: Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infections in humans, and despite the proper response to treatment, improper use of antibiotics has created resistance among some bacterial strains. This study examines the contribution of each of these strains to the resistance created by each of them.
Instrument & Methods: In this study, 3480 results of urine culture tests were collected, and their antibiograms and ages and gender of the patients were analyzed. The information was collected for 1 year in Ahvaz city. The antibiotic resistance of each urinary tract infection was evaluated separately.
Findings: The urinary tract infections had a higher prevalence among women (77.2%) than men (22.8%). Urinary tract infections were more common in people aged 26-35. Among the organisms that cause urinary tract infections, Escherichia Coli and Coagulase-negative staphylococcus had the largest share. The resistance of Escherichia Coli to Cefalotin, Cefixime, Ceftriaxone, Tobramycin, and Gentamicin was 62.5%, 62.2%, 57.4%, 21.7%, and 20.6%, respectively.
Conclusion: Due to the higher prevalence of urinary tract infections among women, a woman with suspicious symptoms should be treated more rigorously, and according to the status of the urine culture, the treatment will change. Escherichia Coli has been reported to be the most common cause of urinary tract infections, and the best response was observed in patients with Ciprofloxacin or Ofloxacin, Ceftazidime, and Amikacin.

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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Bacteriology
Received: 2021/09/19 | Accepted: 2022/01/9 | Published: 2022/03/30
* Corresponding Author Address: Student Research Committee, Ahwaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Golestan Blvd, Ahwaz, Iran. Postal Code: 61357-15794

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Volume 1, Issue 2 (2022) Back to browse issues page